Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh
Medicinal Plants Database of Bangladesh includes the authentic Taxonomic Information, Vernacular/Bangla Name, Tribal and English Name, Family, Description and Photograph of the Plants, Chemical Constituents, Uses and Distribution of the species in Bangladesh. MPBD also contain dictionary of Botanical and Pharmacological terms.
Bengali/Vernacular Name: Iswarmul.
Tribal Name: Paranga ludi, Tajjya ludi, Harin-kan shak (Chakma); Mochoi ma kang (Tripura).
A large woody perennial twiner. Leaves 10-20 cm long, ovate or ovate-oblong (the upper often subsegittately lanceolate), acute or acuminate, cordate. Flowers numerous, in lax racemes, most of the flowers abortive, usually only one fertile. Perianth 5-6.3 cm long, base globose, greenish-yellow, tube curved, mouth oblique, lip linear, obtuse. Capsules 2.5-3.8 cm long, globose-pyriform or oblong-ellipsoid.
Root is considered tonic and emmenagogue; used as antifertility drug. An infusion of stems and roots mixed with warm water is taken several times as a remedy for stomach pain by Chakmas in Rangamati district.
Aristolochic acid isolated from root is antineoplastic against Ehrlich ascites carcinoma in mice (Asolkar et al., 1992).
Root contains aristolochic acid (Asolkar et al., 1992).
Common in forests of Chittagong Hill Tracts.