ARISTOLOCHIA TAGALA Cham.

Family: Aristolochiaceae

Bengali/Vernacular Name: Iswarmul.

Tribal Name: Paranga ludi, Tajjya ludi, Harin-kan shak (Chakma); Mochoi ma kang (Tripura).

Description of the Plant:

A large woody perennial twiner. Leaves 10-20 cm long, ovate or ovate-oblong (the upper often subsegittately lanceolate), acute or acuminate, cordate. Flowers numerous, in lax racemes, most of the flowers abortive, usually only one fertile. Perianth 5-6.3 cm long, base globose, greenish-yellow, tube curved, mouth oblique, lip linear, obtuse. Capsules 2.5-3.8 cm long, globose-pyriform or oblong-ellipsoid.

Actions and uses:

Root is considered tonic and emmenagogue; used as antifertility drug. An infusion of stems and roots mixed with warm water is taken several times as a remedy for stomach pain by Chakmas in Rangamati district.

Aristolochic acid isolated from root is antineoplastic against Ehrlich ascites carcinoma in mice (Asolkar et al., 1992).

Chemical Constituents:

Root contains aristolochic acid (Asolkar et al., 1992).

Distribution:

Common in forests of Chittagong Hill Tracts.

ARISTOLOCHIA TAGALA Cham.
ARISTOLOCHIA TAGALA Cham.