Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh
Medicinal Plants Database of Bangladesh includes the authentic Taxonomic Information, Vernacular/Bangla Name, Tribal and English Name, Family, Description and Photograph of the Plants, Chemical Constituents, Uses and Distribution of the species in Bangladesh. MPBD also contain dictionary of Botanical and Pharmacological terms.
Synonyms: A. speciosa (L.f.) Sweet
Bengali/Vernacular Name: Bijtarak, Guguli.
Tribal Name: Bubhtaring (Chakma).
English Name: Elephant Creeper.
A large twiner, stem white tomentose. Leaves 8-17 cm long, ovate to orbicular, base cordate, glabrous above, persistently white-tomentose beneath. Inflorescence of axillary subcapitate cymes on long, stout peduncle. Bracts larger than the calyx. Flowers large, corolla 3.5-7 cm long, funnel-shaped, rose-purple. Fruit about 2 cm across, globose.
The root is aphrodisiac, diuretic alterative and tonic; used in gleet, gonorrhoea, strangury, chronic ulcers. The leaves are maturative and absorptive; used in skin diseases and as an emollient poultices for wounds. Leaves are used as a local stimulant and rubefacient. Leaves are also used in abscess in Khagrachari district.
EtOH(50%) extract of seeds showed hypotensive property. Fatty oil and its unsaponifiable matter are antimicrobial (Asolkar et al., 1992).
Leaves contain l-triacontanol, ß-sitosterol, epifriedelinol and its acetate. Seeds contain fatty oil and 19 ergoline alkaloids (3 mg/g), the hallucinogens: isoergine, ergine and penniclavine, lysergic acid amide and isolysergic acid amide, ergometrine, caffeic acid and ethyl caffeate. (Ghani, 2003; Asolkar et al., 1992).
Dhaka, Gazipur, Comilla, Jessore, Norshingdi, Sherpur, Sylhet, Noakhali, Patuakhali, Chittagong Hill Tracts, in forests and village thickets.