Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh
Medicinal Plants Database of Bangladesh includes the authentic Taxonomic Information, Vernacular/Bangla Name, Tribal and English Name, Family, Description and Photograph of the Plants, Chemical Constituents, Uses and Distribution of the species in Bangladesh. MPBD also contain dictionary of Botanical and Pharmacological terms.
Synonyms: A. humilis Vahl.
Bengali/Vernacular Name: Ban Jam.
Tribal Name: So Kra Pong (Marma).
A small shrub. Leaves large, 16 cm long, obovate-oblong or elliptic, shortly acuminate or subobtuse, much tapering to base, coriaceous. Umbels simple, sometimes compound, axillary, patent or suberect, pedicels stout, 2.5-5 cm long; flowers pink, on stout, rather long, curved pedicels, Berry 6-8 mm across, globose, bright scarlet.
The plant posesses stimulant and carminative properties. Roots are febrifuge; used in diarrhoea and rheumatism. Root-bark boiled water is used to wash sores and paste of root bark is applied to heal sores.
Roots and stems contain bauerenol; leaves ontain bauerenol, a- & ß- amyrin (Asolkar et al., 1992). The leaves also contain hydrocarbons, fatty acid, triterpenoid alcohols and sterols. Bergenin is an important constituent of the plant. (Ghani, 2003).
Chittagong, Chittagong Hill Tracts, Sylhet, Dhaka, Tangail, Dinajpur, Sherpur, Bagerhat, Khulna, Kurigram, in village thickets, scrub jungles and evergreen forests.