Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh
Medicinal Plants Database of Bangladesh includes the authentic Taxonomic Information, Vernacular/Bangla Name, Tribal and English Name, Family, Description and Photograph of the Plants, Chemical Constituents, Uses and Distribution of the species in Bangladesh. MPBD also contain dictionary of Botanical and Pharmacological terms.
Bengali/Vernacular Name: Cheenabadam.
English Name: Groundnut, Peanut, Monkeynut.
An annual spreading, branched herb, stem 30-80 cm long. Leaves 8-12 cm long, imparipinnate, leaflets oblong to obovate, 2-5 cm long. Flowers axillary, few, fascicled, yellow, about 8 mm long. Pods 1-5 cm long, oblong, constricted between seeds, ripening underground.
Unripe fruit is lactagogue. Seed and seed oils are astringent to the bowels. The oil is aperient and emollient; used as a substitute for olive oil.
The oil predominates in mono unsaturated fats, beneficial for cardiac patients, also preventive of heart attacks. EtOH extract of defatted peanuts shortened bleeding time; had excitatory effects on smooth muscles of experimental animals, but inhibitory effect on isolated frog heart (Asolkar et al., 1992).
The chief constituent of the seeds is a nondrying edible fixed oil, which predominates in mono unsaturated fats; yields fatty acids, glycerides, carotenoids, tocopherols, triterpenoids, sterols, etc. Cotyledons contain arachins and protease inhibitors. Red skin of groundnut kernels contains a phenolic glycoside, arachidoside. Kernels contain proteins, carbohydrates and thiamine. Nut meal contains arachin, con-arachin, fat, protein, vitamins and lecithin. The alkaloid arachine isolated from its presscake pellets have shown to be impure choline. Aflatoxin has detected in the nuts (Ghani, 2003).
Cultivated in Dhaka, Mymensingh, Comilla, Noakhali and other districts.