Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh
Medicinal Plants Database of Bangladesh includes the authentic Taxonomic Information, Vernacular/Bangla Name, Tribal and English Name, Family, Description and Photograph of the Plants, Chemical Constituents, Uses and Distribution of the species in Bangladesh. MPBD also contain dictionary of Botanical and Pharmacological terms.
Synonyms: A. cadamba Miq, A. indicus A. Rich.
Bengali/Vernacular Name: Kadam, Bulkadam.
Tribal Name: Mohu (Magh); Mi-bol (Garo); Rang Khi (Marma).
English Name: Wild Cinchona.
A large deciduous tree with horizontal branches, more or less whorled. Leaves 12.5-22.5 cm lomg, elliptic-oblong. Flowers small, yellow, in globose terminal head, 2.5-5 cm across with stout peduncles. Fruit a globose pseudocarp, 5-6 cm diam, yellow when ripe.
The bark is febrifuge, tonic, antidiarrhoeal and astringent to the bowels. A decoction of the leaves is used as a gargle in case of aphthae and stomatitis. Fruit is cooling and analgesic.
EtOH(50%) extract of the stem bark is anthelmintic and hypoglycaemic (Asolkar et al., 1992).
Leaves contain indole alkaloids- cadambine and 3 a- dihydrocadambine, 3ß-dihydrocadambine, cadamine, a glycosidal alkaloid, isodihydrocadambine, 3ß-isodihydrocadambine, hentriacontanol and ß-sitosterol. Stem bark contains an astringent principle similar to cinchotannic acid, the above alkaloids, quinovic, and cadambagenic acids, saponins, other steroids, ß-sterols, fats and reducing sugars. Five known irridoids, six alkaloids, one new secoiridoid, 3'-O-caffeoylsweroside and two new phenolic apioglucosides, kelampayoside A and kelampayoside B, have also been isolated from the bark. Flowers contain an essential oil. Root and bark yield quinovic acid (Ghani, 2003; Asolkar et al., 1992).
In almost all districts.