Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh
Medicinal Plants Database of Bangladesh includes the authentic Taxonomic Information, Vernacular/Bangla Name, Tribal and English Name, Family, Description and Photograph of the Plants, Chemical Constituents, Uses and Distribution of the species in Bangladesh. MPBD also contain dictionary of Botanical and Pharmacological terms.
Bengali/Vernacular Name: Nona, Ramphal, Nona Ata.
Tribal Name: Nu Nachhi (Marma).
English Name: Bullock’s heart.
A small semideciduous tree. Leaves 12.5-20.3 cm long, membranous, oblong, lanceolate. Flowers 2-4, on lateral peduncles. Petals 6, valvate, in 2 series, narrow-oblong, inner very small. Fruit 10-15 cm diam. fleshy, subglobose, somewhat heart-shaped, smooth, lightly areolate.
The bark is a powerful astringent and tonic. Leaves are used against inflammation, tumours and as a maturant. Leaves and seeds are insecticidal. Fruits are astringent; used in dysentery, diarrhoea and intestinal worms.
Extract of the leaves and stems exhibited inotropic, +ve chronotropic and spasmolytic activities (Asolkar et al., 1992).
Leaves contain polyphenols, dopamine, salsolinol and coclaurine. Root and root bark contain aporphine alkaloids, anonaine, oxoushinsunine, iriodenine, michelalbine and retuculine, a benzyltetrahydro-isoquinoline base, a phenolic base and vitamin C. Seed yields a highly toxic resinous mixture and tannic acid. Stem bark contains tannic acid. Fruit contains iodine, iron and starch (Ghani, 2003).
Planted throughout the country.