ANNONA RETICULATA L.

Family: Annonaceae

Bengali/Vernacular Name: Nona, Ramphal, Nona Ata.

Tribal Name: Nu Nachhi (Marma).

English Name: Bullock’s heart.

Description of the Plant:

A small semideciduous tree. Leaves 12.5-20.3 cm long, membranous, oblong, lanceolate. Flowers 2-4, on lateral peduncles. Petals 6, valvate, in 2 series, narrow-oblong, inner very small. Fruit 10-15 cm diam. fleshy, subglobose, somewhat heart-shaped, smooth, lightly areolate.

Using Information:

The bark is a powerful astringent and tonic. Leaves are used against inflammation, tumours and as a maturant. Leaves and seeds are insecticidal. Fruits are astringent; used in dysentery, diarrhoea and intestinal worms.

Extract of the leaves and stems exhibited inotropic, +ve chronotropic and spasmolytic activities (Asolkar et al., 1992).

Chemical Constituents:

Leaves contain polyphenols, dopamine, salsolinol and coclaurine. Root and root bark contain aporphine alkaloids, anonaine, oxoushinsunine, iriodenine, michelalbine and retuculine, a benzyltetrahydro-isoquinoline base, a phenolic base and vitamin C. Seed yields a highly toxic resinous mixture and tannic acid. Stem bark contains tannic acid. Fruit contains iodine, iron and starch (Ghani, 2003).

ANNONA RETICULATA L.
ANNONA RETICULATA L.

Distribution:

Planted throughout the country.