Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh
Medicinal Plants Database of Bangladesh includes the authentic Taxonomic Information, Vernacular/Bangla Name, Tribal and English Name, Family, Description and Photograph of the Plants, Chemical Constituents, Uses and Distribution of the species in Bangladesh. MPBD also contain dictionary of Botanical and Pharmacological terms.
Synonyms: A. paniculata Cole.
Bengali/Vernacular Name: Kakamari.
English Name: Levant Berries, Fish Berries, Cow killer.
A climbing shrub. Leaves 10-20 cm long, subcoriaceous, ovate-cordate, rarely oblong-ovate, base 3-nerved. Panicles on the old branches, 30-35 cm, pendulous, branched, glabrous. Flowers small, 6 mm diam. Fruit 16 mm, smooth, black.
The berry is a good expectorant; removes gases from the intestines; good for rheumatism and as an application for imflammation. Ointment prepared from drupes are used as insecticide to destroy pediculi and used in chronic skin diseases. Berry is a fish poison.
EtOH(50%) extract of the aerial parts is anticancer and diuretic (Asolkar, et al., 1992).
Stems and roots contain alkaloids, berberine, palmitine, magnoflorine, columbine and the major tertiary alkaloid, 1,8-oxotetrahydropalmitine. Seeds contain picrotoxin, coculin and anamirtin. Pericarp yields alkaloids menispermine and paramenispermine. It also contains picrotoxin (Ghani, 2003).
Eastern part of the country.