AMORPHOPHALLUS CAMPANULATUS (Roxb.) Bl. ex. Decne.

Family: Araceae

Bengali/Vernacular Name: Ol, Olkachu.

Tribal Name: Hathi Tang Kachu (Murang).

English Name: The Telinga Potato, Elephant’s foot.

Description of the Plant:

An annual herb with large, depressed-globose, much-warted tubers, 20-25 cm diam. Leaves solitary, 30-90 cm broad, 3-partite, segments pinnatisect, appearing long after the flowers. Spathe 15-23 cm across. Spadix very stout; female inflorescence cylindric, male subturbinate, appendage dark-purple. Berries ovoid.

Using Information:

The tuber is stomachic, tonic, constipating; increases both appetite and taste; useful in piles, enlarged spleen, tumours, asthma, bronchitis, vomiting, abdominal pain and elephantiasis; much used in acute rheumatism. Root is emmenagogue; used in boils and ophthalmia. Infusion of the leaf stalks is useful in bites of poisonous insects. In Chittagong Hill Tracts the tubers are given in diarrhoea by the Murang.

Chemcial Constituents:

Tubers contain protease inhibitors, trypsin and chymotrypsin. Corm contains triacontane, lupeol, betulinic acid, stigmasterol, ß-sitosterol, glucose, galactose, rhamnose and xylose. Sapogenins are also present in the corms (Ghani, 2003).

Distribution:

Cultivated all over Bangladesh.

AMORPHOPHALLUS CAMPANULATUS (Roxb.) Bl. ex. Decne.
AMORPHOPHALLUS CAMPANULATUS (Roxb.) Bl. ex. Decne.

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