AMOMUM AROMATICUM Roxb.

Family: Zingiberaceae

Bengali/Vernacular Name: Morang elachi.

Tribal Name: Pada Gro (Marma).

English Name: Bengal cardamom.

Description of the Plant:

A rhizomatous perennial herb with leafy stems, up to 1.2 m high. Leaves oblong-lanceolate, glabrous on both sides, 15-30.5 by 5-10 cm. Spikes radical, shortly peduncled, globose; corolla-tube 2.5 cm; segments obtuse, nearly as long as the tube, white; lip pale yellow, as long as the corolla-segments, outer half deflexed. Fruit ovate, 2.5 cm, oblong-trigonous, somewhat rugose.

AMOMUM AROMATICUM Roxb.
AMOMUM AROMATICUM Roxb.

Actions and Uses:

Seeds are stomachic, hypnotic and appetizer, tonic to the heart and liver, astringent to the bowels; useful in indigestion, vomiting and biliousness.

EtOH(50%) extract of the rhizome root is hypoglycaemic and anthelmintic (Asolkar et al., 1992).

Chemcial Constituents:

Leaves contain 0.12% essential oil (Yusuf, 1999).

Distribution:

Forests of Chittagong, Chittagong Hill Tracts, Sylhet and North Bengal.

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