Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh
Medicinal Plants Database of Bangladesh includes the authentic Taxonomic Information, Vernacular/Bangla Name, Tribal and English Name, Family, Description and Photograph of the Plants, Chemical Constituents, Uses and Distribution of the species in Bangladesh. MPBD also contain dictionary of Botanical and Pharmacological terms.
Bengali/Vernacular Name: Morang elachi.
Tribal Name: Pada Gro (Marma).
English Name: Bengal cardamom.
A rhizomatous perennial herb with leafy stems, up to 1.2 m high. Leaves oblong-lanceolate, glabrous on both sides, 15-30.5 by 5-10 cm. Spikes radical, shortly peduncled, globose; corolla-tube 2.5 cm; segments obtuse, nearly as long as the tube, white; lip pale yellow, as long as the corolla-segments, outer half deflexed. Fruit ovate, 2.5 cm, oblong-trigonous, somewhat rugose.
Seeds are stomachic, hypnotic and appetizer, tonic to the heart and liver, astringent to the bowels; useful in indigestion, vomiting and biliousness.
EtOH(50%) extract of the rhizome root is hypoglycaemic and anthelmintic (Asolkar et al., 1992).
Leaves contain 0.12% essential oil (Yusuf, 1999).
Forests of Chittagong, Chittagong Hill Tracts, Sylhet and North Bengal.