AMARANTHUS SPINOSUS L.

Family: Amaranthaceae

Bengali/Vernacular Name: Katanotey, Katadenga; Katamaris (Chittagong); Khuira Kata (Mymensingh).

Tribal Name: Mo Gooyai Apang, Hanuhuya (Marma).

English Name: Prickly Amaranth, Spiny pigweed.

Description of the Plant:

An annual spinescent herb, 30-60 cm high. Leaves 3.75 cm long, ovate or oblong, obtuse. Flowers very numerous, sessile, in dense axillary clusters and in terminal dense or interrupted spikes.

Using Information:

The plant is cooling, laxative, diuretic, stomachic, antipyretic and galactagogue; improves appetite; useful in burning sensation, hallucination, leprosy, piles, bronchitis, leucorrhoea, constipation and flatulence. Decoction of the herb is used as a mouth-wash for toothache. The root is heating and expectorant; lessens the menstual flow; useful in leucorrhoea, leprosy and eczema. It is considered specific in gonorrhoea. The boiled leaves and roots are given to children as a laxative; they are applied as an emollient poultice to abscessess, boils and burns. Root juice along with sugar or molasses is given in dysentery.

EtOH(50%) extract of the plant is spasmogenic (Asolkar et al., 1992).

amaranthus spinosus
AMARANTHUS SPINOSUS L.

Chemical Constituents:

Leaves and stems contain n-alkanes, hentriacontane, octacosanoate, sterols including a-spinasterol, fatty acids, free alcohols, proteins and mixture of saponins, composed of oleanolic acid, D-glucose and D-glucoronic acid. It is a good source of calcium, also contains phosphorous, iron, nicotinin acid, ascorbic acid and protein. Roots contain a-spinasterol, octacosanoate and a number of saponins, ß-sitosterol, stigmasterol, campesterol, cholesterol and stearic, oleic and linoleic acids, quercetin and rutin also isolated from the plant (Ghani, 2003; Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993).

Distribution:

All over Bangladesh in fallow lands.