Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh
Medicinal Plants Database of Bangladesh includes the authentic Taxonomic Information, Vernacular/Bangla Name, Tribal and English Name, Family, Description and Photograph of the Plants, Chemical Constituents, Uses and Distribution of the species in Bangladesh. MPBD also contain dictionary of Botanical and Pharmacological terms.
Bengali/Vernacular Name: Katanotey, Katadenga; Katamaris (Chittagong); Khuira Kata (Mymensingh).
Tribal Name: Mo Gooyai Apang, Hanuhuya (Marma).
English Name: Prickly Amaranth, Spiny pigweed.
An annual spinescent herb, 30-60 cm high. Leaves 3.75 cm long, ovate or oblong, obtuse. Flowers very numerous, sessile, in dense axillary clusters and in terminal dense or interrupted spikes.
The plant is cooling, laxative, diuretic, stomachic, antipyretic and galactagogue; improves appetite; useful in burning sensation, hallucination, leprosy, piles, bronchitis, leucorrhoea, constipation and flatulence. Decoction of the herb is used as a mouth-wash for toothache. The root is heating and expectorant; lessens the menstual flow; useful in leucorrhoea, leprosy and eczema. It is considered specific in gonorrhoea. The boiled leaves and roots are given to children as a laxative; they are applied as an emollient poultice to abscessess, boils and burns. Root juice along with sugar or molasses is given in dysentery.
EtOH(50%) extract of the plant is spasmogenic (Asolkar et al., 1992).
Leaves and stems contain n-alkanes, hentriacontane, octacosanoate, sterols including a-spinasterol, fatty acids, free alcohols, proteins and mixture of saponins, composed of oleanolic acid, D-glucose and D-glucoronic acid. It is a good source of calcium, also contains phosphorous, iron, nicotinin acid, ascorbic acid and protein. Roots contain a-spinasterol, octacosanoate and a number of saponins, ß-sitosterol, stigmasterol, campesterol, cholesterol and stearic, oleic and linoleic acids, quercetin and rutin also isolated from the plant (Ghani, 2003; Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993).
All over Bangladesh in fallow lands.