Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh
Medicinal Plants Database of Bangladesh includes the authentic Taxonomic Information, Vernacular/Bangla Name, Tribal and English Name, Family, Description and Photograph of the Plants, Chemical Constituents, Uses and Distribution of the species in Bangladesh. MPBD also contain dictionary of Botanical and Pharmacological terms.
Synonyms: A. allughas (Retz.) Rosc.
Bengali/Vernacular Name: Jangli Ada; Tara (Chittagong).
Tribal Name: Tara (Tanchangya), Kom Hing (Murong).
A herb with 2-5 m leafy stem and stoloniferous rhizome. Leaves 30-70 cm long, oblong-lanceolate, acuminate, glabrous and glossy on both the surfaces. Flowers pink, in terminal racems. Fruit globose, black, 1.25 cm diam.
The rhizome is aphrodisiac, tonic, diuretic, expectorant, carminative, stomachic; improves appetite, taste and voice; useful in headache, lumbago, rheumatism, sore throat. It is also useful in impotence, bronchitis and dyspepsia.
Alcoholic extract of the leaves possess good antifungal and antibacterial properties (Dutta et al., 2007).
Rhizome yield 0.05% essential oil; chief compounds are: caryophyllene oxide 23.0%, geraniol 19.9%, eudesmool 19.4% and citronellyl OAc 16.5% (Asolkar, et al., 1992). Other constituents are almost similar to those of Alpinia calcarata (Ghani, 2003). Leaves also contain 0.03% essential oil (Yusuf, 1999).
All over Bangladesh by the side of the streams, canals and low lying areas.