Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh
Medicinal Plants Database of Bangladesh includes the authentic Taxonomic Information, Vernacular/Bangla Name, Tribal and English Name, Family, Description and Photograph of the Plants, Chemical Constituents, Uses and Distribution of the species in Bangladesh. MPBD also contain dictionary of Botanical and Pharmacological terms.
A. vera Tourn. ex L.
Bengali/Vernacular Name: Ghritakumari, Ghritakanchan, Mussabbar.
English Name: Aloe, Barbados Aloe, Indian Aloe, Curacao Aloe.
Perennial succulent herb. Leaves sessile, crowded, fleshy, gradually tapering towards apex, spiny toothed at the margins, erect-spreading. Flowers yellow, pendulous on a long scape.
The plant is cooling, purgative, alterative, fattening, tonic, aphrodisiac, anthelmintic, emmenagogue, alexiteric, carminative and digestive. The juice of the leaves is used externally for burns and sprains; interally in habitual constipation and also for loss of appetite, jaundice, asthma, leucorrhoea, gas formation in the stomach. It is regarded valuable in the treatment of piles, rectal fissures, menstrual suppressions and in burning during sexual ejaculation. Juice is used as a poultice in inflammation and chronic ulcers. It is also used in the preparations of skin care lotions and in shampoo as hair tonic.
Alcoholic extract of stem is antibacterial against E. coli in vitro. Glycoprotein from aloe showed anti-inflammatory and anticancer properties (Asolkar et al., 1992).
Principal constituents of leaves are aloins, which include barbaloin, isobarbaloin and ß-barbaloin and other anthraquinone glycosides such as emodin, aloe-emodin, chrysophanol, and chrysophanic acid. Resins, sterols, such as holesterol, campesterol and ß-sitosterol. Triterpenes, cuomarins saponins, carbohydrates, uronic acid, oils, amino acids, enzymes vitamin C and group B vitamins, citric, L-malic and formic acids are also present in this plant. Three new chromone components, 8- C-glucosyl-7-O-methyl-(S)-aloesol, isoaloeresin D and aloeresin E have been isolated from the leaves. Two steroid glucoside, ß-sitosterol and lupeol have also been isolated from the leaves. Recently several prostaglandin and fatty acid compounds have been discovered in the extract of this plant (Ghani, 2003).
Cultivated, mainly in Natore.