Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh
Medicinal Plants Database of Bangladesh includes the authentic Taxonomic Information, Vernacular/Bangla Name, Tribal and English Name, Family, Description and Photograph of the Plants, Chemical Constituents, Uses and Distribution of the species in Bangladesh. MPBD also contain dictionary of Botanical and Pharmacological terms.
Synonyms: Allophylus cobbe Bl., A. serratus Radlk.
Tribal Name: Si Sa Calaai, Kro Kaya Dung (Marma).
A small shrub. Leaves trifoliate, very variable in size, shape, margin and surface, crowded at the extremities of the branches; petiole long, ferrugineo-pubescent; leaflets 2.5-25.5 cm long. Flowers small, white, in spicate, axillary racemes. Fruits small, globose, red.
The root is astringent; used for treating piles and nose bleeding. In Nigeria, roots are eaten for lactation. A hot infusion of the root barks is used to check diarrhoea and rheumatic pains. Leaves are also eaten to induce lactation; paste is used in ulcers. Leaves and barks are used as a remedy for elephantiasis; decoction is given in colic and as a drink for babies and children with fever. Fruits are used against tapeworm.
EtOH(50%) extract of aerial parts is active against Ranikhet disease virus, and showed gross effect on CNS and hypothermia (Asolkar et al., 1992).
Leaves contains Ph-acetamide and alkaloids (traces). Plant releases HCN. Seeds contains alkaloids, stems contains ß-sitosterol (Asolkar et al., 1992). Benzylamide also has been isolated from leaves (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1990).
Forests of Sylhet, Chittagong and Sundarbans.