ALBIZIA ODORATISSIMA (L. f.) Benth.

Family: Mimosaceae

Bengali/Vernacular Name: Tetura, Tetuya Koroi, Tetuya, Tetuia (Chittagong); Jat koroi (Dhaka-Mymensingh); Moroi (Sylhet).

Tribal Name: To mangioh (Mogh); Khima Moi Jhiri (Marma).

Description of the Plant:

A large semi-deciduous or semi-evergreen tree with spreading crown. Leaves abruptly 2-pinnate, pinnae 6-8, leaflets 16-40. Flowers white, fragrant, sessile, in numerous small heads. Pods thin, flexible, 15-20 cm long, brown.

Using Information:

The bark is applied externally in leprosy and in inverate ulcers. The leaves boiled in ghi are used by Santals as a remedy for coughs.

Seeds showed marked hypoglycaemic action on normal albino rats but not in alloxan-diabetic rats (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993).

Chemical Constituents:

The seed contains machaerinic acid and an acid genin. The seed also yields odoratissimin, composed of echinocystic acid, glucose, rhamnose, arabinose and xylose. Compounds A, mp. 85º, B, mp.145º and a third compound which was methylated to give penta-O-methyl-dihydromelanoxetin and acacic acid have been isolated from heartwood (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1990).

ALBIZIA ODORATISSIMA (L. f.) Benth.
ALBIZIA ODORATISSIMA (L. f.) Benth.

Distribution:

Chittagong and Chittagong Hill Tracts, useally growing in hill slopes.