Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh
Medicinal Plants Database of Bangladesh includes the authentic Taxonomic Information, Vernacular/Bangla Name, Tribal and English Name, Family, Description and Photograph of the Plants, Chemical Constituents, Uses and Distribution of the species in Bangladesh. MPBD also contain dictionary of Botanical and Pharmacological terms.
Bengali/vernacular name: Mayurshikha.
English name: Maiden-hair Fern.
Description of the plant:
ADIANTUM INCISUM Forsk. is a tufted fern. Stipes 5-10 cm long, tufted, wiry, spreading, dark chestnut-brown, tomentose; fronds 15.25-30 cm long, simply pinnate, often elongated and rooting at the extremity, pinnae 12-18 mm long, 6 mm deep, dimidiate, the lower line straight and horizontal, the upper rounded, more or less cut, often deeply and repeatedly; sori roundish or transversely oblong on the edge of the lobes.
The leaves are used as a cure for cough, fever and chest affection. They are also employed for diabetes and externally the leaf paste is used to cure skin diseases. It has antibacterial properties also.
EtOH(50%) extract of the plant is hypoglycaemic and spasmogenic (Asolkar et al., 1992).
The fern contains triterpenoids (including adiantone, isoadiantone) and flavonoids (including rutin and isoquercetin), hentriacontane, 16-hentriacontanone, adiantone, isoadiantone, ß-sitosterol and fernene. (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993).
Chuadanga, Kushtia, Dhaka, Rajshahi in shade.