Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh
Medicinal Plants Database of Bangladesh includes the authentic Taxonomic Information, Vernacular/Bangla Name, Tribal and English Name, Family, Description and Photograph of the Plants, Chemical Constituents, Uses and Distribution of the species in Bangladesh. MPBD also contain dictionary of Botanical and Pharmacological terms.
Bengali/vernacular name: Rakta Kambal, Ranjan, Rakta Kanchan.
English name: Red wood.
Description of the plant:
ADENANTHERA PAVONINA L. is a small tree. Leaves 2-pinnate; leaflets oblong, alternate. Flowers small, pale yellow, in short-peduncled axillary and terminal racemes. Pods 15-22 cm long, flat, falcately curved, valves spirally twisted after dehiscence. Seeds lenticular-globose, brilliant scarlet.
Seeds are used for boils, cholera, general paralysis and inflammation. Decoction of the seeds is used in pulmonary affections, and externally applied in chronic ophthalmia. A decoction of the leaves or bark is a remedy for chronic rheumatism, gout, haematuria and haematemesis. Roots are used as an emetic.
Plant contains robinetin, chalcone, butein, ampelopsin (dihydromyricetin) and dihydrorobinetin; ether extract of wood contains 2, 4- dihydroxybenzoic acid as major constituent. Bark contains saponins which on hydrolysis and methylation yield Meodeanolate and Me-echynocystate, stigmasterol, glucoside and fatty acids, oleanoic and echinocystic acids. Leaves contain alkaloid, octacosanol, dulcitol, ß-sitosterol glucoside and stigmasterol. Seeds contain HCN-glucoside, lignoceric acid, dulcitol, stigmasterol, stigmasterol glucoside and polysaccharide (Ghani, 2003).
Chittagong, Chittagong Hill Tracts and Sylhet; occasionally planted.