Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh
Medicinal Plants Database of Bangladesh includes the authentic Taxonomic Information, Vernacular/Bangla Name, Tribal and English Name, Family, Description and Photograph of the Plants, Chemical Constituents, Uses and Distribution of the species in Bangladesh. MPBD also contain dictionary of Botanical and Pharmacological terms.
Tribal name: Sigirasig (Chakma).
Description of the plant:
ACTINODAPHNE ANGUSTIFOLIA Nees. is a medium-sized evergreen tree. Leaves 4-6 in a whorl, 10-30 cm long, coriaceous, lanceolate, oblanceolate or elliptic. Flowers small, dioecious, yellowish, the males in clusters of about 8, the females umbellate or sub-racemose on very stout peduncles. Berry 8 mm across, ellipsoid, red when ripe.
Leaves are used in urinary disorder and diabetes in Khagrachari district of Chittagong Hill Tracts.
EtOH(50%) extract of leaves is spasmolytic (Asolkar et al., 1992).
Fruit kernel contains monoflaurin, lauric acid, n-hexacosanol, ß-sitosterol and its glucosides. Leaves contain ß-sitosterol, quercetin 3-rhamnoside, vitexin, friedelin and hydrocarbons (Asolkar et al., 1992; Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993).
Evergreen forests of Chittagong, Chittaging Hill Tracts, Cox's Bazar, Sylhet and North Bengal.