ACRONYCHIA PEDUNCULATA (L.) Miq.

Acronychia laurifolia Bl., Cyminosma pedunculata DC.
Family: Rutaceae

Bengali/vernacular name: Ban Jamir (Chittagong).
English name: Clawflowered laurel, Laka wood.

Description of the plant:
ACRONYCHIA PEDUNCULATA (L.) Miq. is a small evergreen, aromatic tree. Leaves subopposite, 1-foliolate, leaflets 5-15 cm, long, oblong-elliptic or obovate, obtuse or obtusely acuminate. Cymes axillary, slender, oppositely branched, spreading, long-peduncled, corymbose. Flowers 8-18 mm diam., greenish white, fragrant. Drupe globose, very variable in size, from a pea to a small cherry.

Using information:
Aromatic bark is tonic; prescribed externally in scabies, sores and ulcers. The leaves are burnt near small-pox patients.

Chemical constituents:
Stem bark contains alkaloid, bauerenol and k-oxalate. Bark contains acrovestone, acronylin, 6-demethylacronylin; wood also contains acronylin, 6-demethylacronylin and in addition ß-sitosterol. Leaves of Sri-lanka plant contain alkaloid, kokusginine and wood contain alkaloid evolitrine; both of them are not present in Indian plant (Asolkar et al., 1992, Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993).

Distribution:
Forests of Sylhet, Chittagong, Cox's Bazar and Chittaging Hill Tracts.