Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh
Medicinal Plants Database of Bangladesh includes the authentic Taxonomic Information, Vernacular/Bangla Name, Tribal and English Name, Family, Description and Photograph of the Plants, Chemical Constituents, Uses and Distribution of the species in Bangladesh. MPBD also contain dictionary of Botanical and Pharmacological terms.
Bengali/vernacular name: Ban Jamir (Chittagong).
English name: Clawflowered laurel, Laka wood.
Description of the plant:
ACRONYCHIA PEDUNCULATA (L.) Miq. is a small evergreen, aromatic tree. Leaves subopposite, 1-foliolate, leaflets 5-15 cm, long, oblong-elliptic or obovate, obtuse or obtusely acuminate. Cymes axillary, slender, oppositely branched, spreading, long-peduncled, corymbose. Flowers 8-18 mm diam., greenish white, fragrant. Drupe globose, very variable in size, from a pea to a small cherry.
Aromatic bark is tonic; prescribed externally in scabies, sores and ulcers. The leaves are burnt near small-pox patients.
Stem bark contains alkaloid, bauerenol and k-oxalate. Bark contains acrovestone, acronylin, 6-demethylacronylin; wood also contains acronylin, 6-demethylacronylin and in addition ß-sitosterol. Leaves of Sri-lanka plant contain alkaloid, kokusginine and wood contain alkaloid evolitrine; both of them are not present in Indian plant (Asolkar et al., 1992, Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993).
Forests of Sylhet, Chittagong, Cox's Bazar and Chittaging Hill Tracts.