ACACIA RUGATA (Lam.) Mer.

A. concinna DC.
Family: Mimosaceae

Bengali/vernacular name: Banritha.
Tribal name: Tai Ann Khur (Baum), Kan por (Marma).

Description of the plant:
ACACIA RUGATA (Lam.) Mer. is a large stragling shrub with more or less hooked prickles. Leaves 2-pinnate, pinnae 12-16, leaflets 30-50, membranous, 1-1.25 cm long; flowers in globose yellow heads, 1-1.25 cm across, arranged in panicle. Pods strap-shaped, straight, 7.6-10 cm long, thick and fleshy.

Using information:
Pod is purgative, anthelmintic, anti-diarrhoeal, emetic and diuretic; improves appetite, used in constipation, troubles of kidneys and the bladder; externally they are applied to leprous patches, prurigo, abscesses, eczema and bubos. The seeds are said to facilitate delivery during childbirth. Tender leaves are appetizer and used in hair loss.


Acacia Rugata
ACACIA RUGATA (Lam.) Mer.


Chemical constituents:
Leaves contains tartaric, oxalic, succinic acids along with alkaloids – calycotomine and nicotine. Saponin isolated from seeds was a mixture of acacinin A, acacinin B and concinnin. Acacinins C, D and E, sucrose, raffinose, stachyose and verbascose have been isolated from pods. Acacic acid, a glycoside- sonuside; acacic acid lactone, machaeric acid and its lactone, sapogenin B and a new ester of acacic acid have also been isolated from pods (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993).

Distribution:
In evergreen forests of Sylhet.