Family: Mimosaceae

Bengali/vernacular name: Guyababla, Belati Babul.
English name: Cassie flowers, Sponge tree, Strinking Acacia.

Description of the plant:
ACACIA FARNESIANA (L.) Willd. is a small, much branching, deciduous tree or shrub with zigzag branches and stipular spines. Leaves 2-pinnate, pinnae 8-16, leaflets 20-40. Flowers very small, fragrant, deep-yellow, in globose axillary heads, 1.25 cm diam. Fruit 5-7.6 cm long, subcylindric, turgid, slightly curved.

Using information:
Bark is alexiteric, anthelmintic, antidysenteric and astringent; cures stomatitis, caries of the teeth, itching, bronchitis, leucoderma, ulcers, inflammations and erysipelas; given for prolapsus ani and leucorrhoea. The tander leaves bruished in little water are given orally for the treatment of gonorrhoea. Boiled tender leaves are applied as a cataplasm to wounds and ulcers.

Acacia Farnesiana

Essential oil of pods is direct plain-muscle relaxant, cardiac depressant and sedative (Asolkar et al., 1992).

Chemical constituents:
Isorhamnetin-3,7-glucorhamnoside, gallic acid, ellagic acid, m-digallic acid, methyl gallate, kaempferol, aromadendrin, naringenin, kaempferol-7-diglucoside, naringenin-7-glucoside and a new glycoside, probably naringenin-7-diglucoside acylated with gallic acid have been isolated from flowers. Flowers also contains d-pinitol a pigment, isorhamnetin-3,7-glucorhamnoside.

Pods yield a new acylglucoside characterized as naringenin-7-O-ß-D-(6"-O-gal-loyl) glucopyranoside (prunin-O-6"-gallate); rutin and apigenin-6, 8-bis-C-glucopyranoside (0.4%). A novel amino acid N-acetyl-L-djenkolic acid has been isolated from seeds. Leaves contain tannins, alkaloids; also rutin and apigenin-6,8-bis-C-glucide; cyanogens; linamarin, lotaustralin and an unidentified one (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1990 & 93; Asolkar et al., 1992).

Chittagong, Rangamati (found only under cultivation near tribal houses).