Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh
Medicinal Plants Database of Bangladesh includes the authentic Taxonomic Information, Vernacular/Bangla Name, Tribal and English Name, Family, Description and Photograph of the Plants, Chemical Constituents, Uses and Distribution of the species in Bangladesh. MPBD also contain dictionary of Botanical and Pharmacological terms.
Bengali/vernacular name: Guyababla, Belati Babul.
English name: Cassie flowers, Sponge tree, Strinking Acacia.
Description of the plant:
ACACIA FARNESIANA (L.) Willd. is a small, much branching, deciduous tree or shrub with zigzag branches and stipular spines. Leaves 2-pinnate, pinnae 8-16, leaflets 20-40. Flowers very small, fragrant, deep-yellow, in globose axillary heads, 1.25 cm diam. Fruit 5-7.6 cm long, subcylindric, turgid, slightly curved.
Bark is alexiteric, anthelmintic, antidysenteric and astringent; cures stomatitis, caries of the teeth, itching, bronchitis, leucoderma, ulcers, inflammations and erysipelas; given for prolapsus ani and leucorrhoea. The tander leaves bruished in little water are given orally for the treatment of gonorrhoea. Boiled tender leaves are applied as a cataplasm to wounds and ulcers.
Essential oil of pods is direct plain-muscle relaxant, cardiac depressant and sedative (Asolkar et al., 1992).
Isorhamnetin-3,7-glucorhamnoside, gallic acid, ellagic acid, m-digallic acid, methyl gallate, kaempferol, aromadendrin, naringenin, kaempferol-7-diglucoside, naringenin-7-glucoside and a new glycoside, probably naringenin-7-diglucoside acylated with gallic acid have been isolated from flowers. Flowers also contains d-pinitol a pigment, isorhamnetin-3,7-glucorhamnoside.
Pods yield a new acylglucoside characterized as naringenin-7-O-ß-D-(6"-O-gal-loyl) glucopyranoside (prunin-O-6"-gallate); rutin and apigenin-6, 8-bis-C-glucopyranoside (0.4%). A novel amino acid N-acetyl-L-djenkolic acid has been isolated from seeds. Leaves contain tannins, alkaloids; also rutin and apigenin-6,8-bis-C-glucide; cyanogens; linamarin, lotaustralin and an unidentified one (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1990 & 93; Asolkar et al., 1992).
Chittagong, Rangamati (found only under cultivation near tribal houses).