Family: Malvaceae

Bengali/vernacular name: Potari.
English name: Country Mallow.

Description of the plant:
ABUTILON INDICUM (L.) Sw. is an erect woody undershrub. Leaves ovate, cordate irregularly toothed, covered on both surfaces with white down. Flowers solitary, axillary; calyx 5-lobed, tubular below, lobes ovate-acute; corolla yellow, petals 5, connate below and adnate to the tube of the stamens. Ripe carpels 15-20, longer than the calyx, truncate or shortly awned.

Using information:
Infusion of the leaves and roots is diuretic and demulcent; used in fevers, chest infections, gonorrhoea and urethritis; leaves cooked and eaten in bleeding piles. Stem bark is astringent, diuretic, febrifuge, anthelmintic; lessens perspiration; good in strangury and urinary complaints.

Abutilon Indicum

Seeds are tonic, aphrodisiac, laxative, emollient and demulcent; good for bronchitis, cough, piles, gonorrhoea, gleet and chronic cystitis. Root is nervine tonic; infusion is useful in fever, leprosy, strangury, piles, leucoderma, haematuria and stones in bladder.

EtOH (50%) extract of plant is CNS depressant. Essential oil is antibacterial to human pathogenic bacteria. It is also antifungal. Drug augments antibody in animals showing immunological value (Asolkar et al., 1992).

Chemical constituents:
Leaves and other aerial parts contain mucilage, tannin, alkanol, flavonoids, saponins, cyanidin-3-rutinoside, asparagin, ß-amyrin, ß- sitosterol, eudesmol, geraniol, caryophylline, sesquiterpene lactones, tocopherol oil (0.3%), essential oil and eugenol. Seeds yield raffinose and a semi-drying oil consisting of linoleic, oleic, palmitic and stearic acids (Ghani, 2003). Plant also contains gossypetin -8 & 7-glucosides, cyaniding-3-rutnoside (Asolkar et al., 1992).

In most of the districts in fallow lands.