ABELMOSCHUS MOSCHATUS (L.) Medic.

Hibiscus abelmoschus L.
Family: Malvaceae

Bengali/vernacular name: Mushakdana, Kalokasturi.
Tribal name: Fluma Wai (Marma); Purnima gaith (Tonchangya).
English name: Musk mallow.

Description of the plant:
ABELMOSCHUS MOSCHATUS (L.) Medic is a tall annual; stem clothed with long hairs. Leaves polymorphous, the lower ovate, acute or roundish-angled, the upper palmately 3-7 lobed, hairy on both surfaces. Flowers large, corolla bell-shaped, yellow with purple centre. Capsules fulvous-hairy, pyramidal-oblong, acute.

Using information:
Seeds are cooling, demulcent, diuretic, stimulant, carminative, stomachic, antispasmodic, aphrodisiac and tonic; in the form of paste it is useful in leucoderma; along with milk seed paste is used to cure itch. Infusion, decoction or tincture of the seeds is useful in stomatitis, atonic dyspepsia, nervous debility, hysteria and other nervous disorders. They are used as a drink in fevers, gonorrhoea and as an inhalation in hoarseness and dryness of the throat.


Ablemoschus Moschatus
ABELMOSCHUS MOSCHATUS (L.) Medic.


Mucilage prepared from the root and leaves is recommended in gonorrhoea and venereal diseases. Fresh juice of the plant is febrifuge and expectorant. The bark along with sugar or molasses is given in dysentery in Jointiapur of Sylhet.

Fatty fraction of fresh aquous extract of seeds is antitumour in vitro (Asolkar et al., 1992).

Chemical constituents:
Roots, leaves, fruits and seeds contain mucilage. Leaves, flower petals and fruit husk contain ß-sitosterol and its glycosides. Flowers contain flavonoids, myricetin, its glucoside and cannabistrin and petals contain myricetin and its glucoside. Seeds contain phospholipids and essential oil. Seed oil contains 18.90% of linoleic acid (Ghani, 2003). Farnesol and lactone of ambrettolic acid are also present in Ecuador plants (Asolkar et al., 1992).

Distribution:
Chittagong, Chittagong Hill Tracts, Sylhet and Northern districts in fallow lands and forest outskirts.